Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment

Stanford Woods Institute for the Environment


Understanding the effects of fishing on coral reef ecosystems: An interdisciplinary approach  »

Pacific Ocean - 2008

Coral reefs are highly diverse and valuable marine ecosystems that are increasingly threatened by overexploitation. This project unites the expertise of anthropologists, biogeochemists, and ecologists to improve our understanding of how fishing affects the ecology of coral reefs. We will measure the direct and indirect ecological impacts of fishing...

Social and environmental transformation in Chile's aquaculture industry, 1950-2000 »

South America - 2008

Recognizing that it is difficult to ameliorate environmental problems without understanding their connections to associated social changes, we aim to research the complex feedback loops that connect environmental and social change in the salmon-farming industry of southern Chile. We propose to map and analyze the social transformations brought about by...

Groundwater discharge of wastewater contaminants across the land-sea interface: Law, policy, and science research aimed to improve coastal management  »

North America - 2008

Many coastal communities use on-site systems (“septic systems”) for treatment of wastewater. Effluent from septic systems is discharged to the coastal aquifer, where it can raise nutrient and pathogen levels in the groundwater. Discharge of septic-impacted groundwater to the coastal ocean is a threat to human and ecosystem health....

Fertilizer use and the epidemiology and evolution of cholera in Bangladesh »

Asia - 2007

This proposal examines another possible consequence of fertilzer-dependent intensive agriculture, the worsening of infectious disease epidemics by microbes that live in the same aquatic habitats that also harbor algae and other components of this complex ecosystem. One such infectious agent is Vibrio cholerae, the cause of asiatic cholera, a devastating...

Pattern and process of coral-reef adaptation: Remote sensing, environmental genetics, and a laboratory model system for testing climate-change effects on coral »

Pacific Ocean - 2006

It is currently impossible to predict the environmental impacts of climate change on reef corals because the ability of corals and symbiotic species (symbionts) is virtually unknown. This research will generate data that will allow researchers to develop a powerful understanding of coral-symbiont responses to environmental change, allowing us to...

Land use practices, subterranean groundwater pollution, and coral reef sustainability »

North America - 2005

We propose to apply an innovative, interdisciplinary approach that combines remote sensing, GIS, geochemical, hydrological and biological techniques, to explore the effect of different land-use practices on non-point source pollutants associated with submarine groundwater discharge into the coastal environment, and their effect on coral reef health and sustainability. A...