Intelligence Services

The Hoover Institution is one of the leading repositories in the world to provide open access to the papers of spies and spy-catchers. Melita Norwood, Nikolai Khokhlov, Pavel Sudoplatov, Ryszard Wraga, Sir Robert Bruce Lockhart and Sir Paul Dukes may not be household names (nor should they have been given their line of work), but their contributions to history have been singular and as evidence emerges from newly declassified sources, researchers return again and again to these collections to establish new connections, open new directions for study and discover new aspects of the effect of intelligence services on politicians and policy-making. Aside from the papers of actual agents, Hoover holds extensive research material on the subject of intelligence and its use and misuse.

Hoover Institution Archives Poster Collection, RU/SU 2321

Papers of spies and spy catchers

Okhrana Records, Box 237, Grammatikov, Hoover Institution Archives

Paris office of the Russian Imperial Secret Police


William J. Casey Papers

Director, Central Intelligence Agency, 1981–87

James B. Donovan Papers

General counsel, US Office of Strategic Services, 1943–45

Sir Paul Dukes Papers

British secret service agent and author

Eesti NSV Riikliku Julgeoleku Komitee records

Fond ERAF.138SM contains foreign intelligence files, 1924–68

Nikolaĭ Evgen'evich Khokhlov Papers

Soviet intelligence officer and defector to the United States

John O. Koehler Papers

US journalist in Germany

Sir Robert Hamilton Bruce Lockhart Papers       

Director-general, Political Intelligence Department, British Foreign Office, 1940–45

Melita Norwood Papers

Soviet espionage agent in Great Britain

Okhrana Records

Russian Imperial Secret Police, Paris office, 1883–1917

Pavel Sudoplatov Interviews

Soviet intelligence officer

Ryszard Wraga Papers

Polish intelligence officer

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Intelligence Services Archival Collections     Intelligence Services Library Materials

Smith, Edward Ellis and Rudolf Lednicky. The Okhrana -- The Russian Department of Police: A Bibliography. [Stanford, Calif.]: Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, 1967

Spies and Commissars: The Early Years of the Russian Revolution by Robert Servic

Spies and Commissars: The Early Years of the Russian Revolution by Robert Service

Wednesday, May 30, 2012

Robert Service, a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution and a fellow of St Antony’s College, Oxford, is a noted Russian historian and political commentator. In his recent book, Spies and Commissars, Service writes about the espionage and intrigue during the early years of the Bolshevik regime in Russia. In this Wall Street Journal review, by Simon Sebag Montefiore, the book is described as delving into the revolution of October 1917, the civil war, the Western intervention, the brutal measures by which Lenin won the war, and the Western attempts to strangle the regime in its cradle.

Click here to read the full review.

Nikolai Khokhlov, a KGB defector sent to Germany in 1954

Nikolai Khokhlov papers

Wednesday, April 27, 2011

This collection contains papers and memorabilia of Nikolai Khokhlov, a KGB defector sent to Germany in 1954 to assassinate the head of the anti-Soviet émigré organization NTS. Khokhlov declined and defected to the West, where he wrote his memoirs and became a specialist in Soviet military espionage and psychology. Most of the papers relate to those aspects of his career, including material on psychological warfare and research in parapsychology.

Sir Paul Dukes papers, Box 3, Hoover Institution Archives.

Featured Find: Yoga Master of Disguise

Friday, March 29, 2013

When setting off for your yoga class, take a moment to think about Sir Paul Dukes, British journalist, author, and master of espionage and disguise. Credited for helping introduce yoga to the West with his books Yoga for the Western World (1958) and The Yoga of Health, Youth, and Joy: A Treatise on Hatha Yoga Adapted to the West (1960), Dukes's life story reads more like that of an action hero than a yoga guru.

William Casey, thirteenth director of the Central Intelligence Agency

CIA director William Casey’s papers opened at the Hoover Institution Library and Archives

Thursday, September 1, 2011

The William Casey papers are now open at the Hoover Institution Library and Archives. William Joseph Casey, most well known as director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), held a number of high-level positions in the United States government during the presidential administrations of Richard M. Nixon, Gerald R. Ford, and Ronald Reagan.


Foreign Intelligence Files Added to Estonian KGB Digital Collection

Thursday, July 3, 2014

Fourteen thousand pages have been added to the Estonian KGB digital collection at Hoover representing sixty-one folders of documents of the KGB Intelligence Service pertaining to Estonian refugees.

Robert Service on the Estonian KGB Records

Robert Service on the Estonian KGB Records

Thursday, March 14, 2013

This collection contains digitized copies of thousands of pages of Estonian KGB files relating to secret police and intelligence activities, dissident and anti-Soviet activities, and repatriation and nationalism issues in Estonia.

Stanford historian Amir Weiner's work is drawn from a newly assembled collection

Hoover Archives’ KGB files examined by Stanford historian Weiner

Tuesday, October 2, 2012

Stanford historian Amir Weiner recently examined the newly accessible KGB files housed in the Hoover Institution Archives. Weiner found that “a system of checks and balances in today's Western-style democracies prevents agencies like the FBI from engaging in domestic surveillance at the same invasive scale as the KGB” (Stanford Report). The collection is composed of tens of thousands of documents, including informants' reports, interrogation minutes, and official internal correspondence. Nearly two decades after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the KGB archives are the largest accessible holdings (Russian and Ukrainian holdings are, for all practical purposes, closed) of the Soviet political police, which were left almost intact in Vilnius, Lithuania, after the Soviet Union disintegrated.



Contact L&A For assistance contact hooverarchives [at] stanford [dot] edu or 650-723-3563

Featured Collection

Sir Paul Dukes papers, Box 3, Hoover Institution Archives.