Lauren Ammerman received her MD degree from Northwestern University. During medical school, she performed global health research in infectious disease, focusing on liver fibrosis in Tanzanian adults infected with HIV and Hepatitis B. Currently, she is an internal medicine resident at Stanford.

All Publications

  • Brief Report: HIV/HBV Coinfection is a Significant Risk Factor for Liver Fibrosis in Tanzanian HIV-Infected Adults. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999) Hawkins, C., Christian, B., Fabian, E., Macha, I., Gawile, C., Mpangala, S., Ulenga, N., Thio, C. L., Ammerman, L. R., Mugusi, F., Fawzi, W., Green, R., Murphy, R. 2017; 76 (3): 298–302


    In sub-Saharan Africa, the burden of liver disease associated with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and HIV is unknown. We characterized liver disease using aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) and FIB-4 in patients with HIV, HBV, and HIV/HBV coinfection in Tanzania.Using a cross-sectional design, we compared the prevalence of liver fibrosis in treatment-naive HIV monoinfected, HBV monoinfected, and HIV/HBV-coinfected adults enrolled at Management and Development for Health (MDH)-supported HIV treatment clinics in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Risk factors associated with significant fibrosis (APRI >0.5 and FIB-4 >1.45) were examined.Two hundred sixty-seven HIV-infected, 165 HBV-infected, and 63 HIV/HBV-coinfected patients were analyzed [44% men, median age 37 (interquartile range 14), body mass index 23 (7)]. APRI and FIB-4 were strongly correlated (r = 0.78, P < 0.001, R = 0.61). Overall median APRI scores were low {HIV/HBV [0.36 (interquartile range 0.4)], HIV [0.23 (0.17)], HBV [0.29 (0.15)] (P < 0.01)}. In multivariate analyses, HIV/HBV coinfection was associated with APRI >0.5 [HIV/HBV vs. HIV: odds ratio (OR) 3.78 (95% confidence interval: 1.91 to 7.50)], [HIV/HBV vs. HBV: OR 2.61 (1.26 to 5.44)]. HIV RNA per 1 log10 copies/mL increase [OR 1.53 (95% confidence interval: 1.04 to 2.26)] and HBV DNA per 1 log10 copies/mL increase [OR 1.36 (1.15, 1.62)] were independently associated with APRI >0.5 in HIV-infected and HBV-infected patients, respectively.HIV/HBV coinfection is an important risk factor for significant fibrosis. Higher levels of circulating HIV and HBV virus may play a direct role in liver fibrogenesis. Prompt diagnosis and aggressive monitoring of liver disease in HIV/HBV coinfection is warranted.

    View details for DOI 10.1097/QAI.0000000000001491

    View details for PubMedID 29016448

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC5654610

  • High rates of hepatitis C virus (HCV) cure using direct-acting antivirals in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients: a real-world perspective JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL CHEMOTHERAPY Hawkins, C., Grant, J., Ammerman, L., Palella, F., Mclaughlin, M., Green, R., Mcgregor, D., Stosor, V. 2016; 71 (9): 2642–45


    There are few data on the real-world experience of FDA-approved oral hepatitis C virus (HCV) direct-acting antiviral (DAA) drug combinations in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of DAA therapies in a cohort of HIV/HCV patients in a large urban clinic in Chicago.HIV/HCV-coinfected adults (≥18 years) enrolled in the Northwestern University Viral Hepatitis Registry between January 2013 and June 2015 were analysed. Treated patients received one of the following DAA combinations: sofosbuvir/ledipasvir, sofosbuvir/ribavirin, sofosbuvir/simeprevir or paritaprevir/ritonavir/ombitasvir/dasabuvir ± ribavirin. The primary outcome was sustained virological response at 12 weeks after DAA completion (SVR12).Seventy-seven HIV/HCV patients were evaluated for DAA therapy. Most patients were male (62/77, 81%) and infected with HCV genotype 1 (67/77, 87%). Some 32/77 (42%) were cirrhotic and 29/77 (38%) had received prior treatment with an IFN-containing regimen. DAA therapy was more likely to be started in Caucasians than persons of other ethnicities (P = 0.01). The overall SVR12 rate was 92% in 52 patients who completed therapy and had follow-up by the end of the study: sofosbuvir/simeprevir, 32/33 (97%); sofosbuvir/ribavirin, 4/7 (57%); sofosbuvir/ledipasvir, 11/11 (100%); and paritaprevir/ritonavir/ombitasvir/dasabuvir, 1/1 (100%). Four patients relapsed after therapy with sofosbuvir/simeprevir (n = 1) or sofosbuvir/ribavirin (n = 3). Adverse events were uncommon and did not result in DAA treatment interruption or discontinuation.The HCV DAA combinations of sofosbuvir/ledipasvir and sofosbuvir/simeprevir were highly effective and well tolerated in this diverse population of HIV/HCV-coinfected patients, many of whom had advanced liver disease. HIV coinfection should not be considered a barrier to successful HCV treatment with DAAs.

    View details for DOI 10.1093/jac/dkw203

    View details for Web of Science ID 000383911600039

    View details for PubMedID 27330060

    View details for PubMedCentralID PMC4992854